PHD THESIS PROJECT (M/F)


PHD THESIS PROJECT (M/F)


Date de clôture

06/28/2024

Lieu(x) de travail

Paris

Secteur

Centre de Recherche


Institut Curie is a key player in the fight against cancer, combining an internationally renowned Research center with a state-of-the-art Hospital complex. Founded in 1909 by Marie Curie, Institut Curie brings together more than 3 700 researchers, doctors and caregivers at three sites (Paris, Saint-Cloud and Orsay) to carry out three missions: research, care, and the preservation and transmission of knowledge. Institut Curie is a private foundation recognized as a public interest institution. The Curie model, with its continuum from research to care, is now being applied in its modern form through its Curie 2030 strategic project.


Description of the PhD thesis project

 

Abstract

Fundamental cell physiology originates from conformational changes and diffusion dynamics of membrane proteins embedded in the lipid bilayer. However, studying the interplay between nanoscale protein conformations and membrane mechanics is inherently challenging in cell-based experiments. In addition, the effect of membrane properties on the conformational cycles, and thus in the protein’s activity remains an open question. In this thesis, we aim to investigate the diffusion dynamics and conformational heterogeneity of multidrug resistance ABC transporter BmrA as a function of its conformation, post-hydrolytic (closed) and apo (open). Diffusion analysis might reveal the formation of protein clusters in the different conditions. To this end, the PhD student will perform single-particle tracking measurements and single-molecule FRET experiments on BmrA reconstituted in giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) with controlled and varying membrane tensions. Combining advanced optical methods with biochemical approaches, this project will bring fundamental insights into the intrinsic diffusion dynamics of an active membrane transporter and its clustering in relation to membrane mechanics and conformational cycles; all possibly influencing the cell function.

 

Background

Our team has pioneered studies on membrane protein dynamics using micropipette-aspirated GUV systems combined with single-molecule tracking. More recently, during her PhD, A. Damm obtained evidence of membrane curvature-induced enhanced opening of protein conformations and thus perturbing its activity. The new PhD student will benefit from these established biochemical assays and custom built single-molecule microscopes, to tackle open questions in membrane biophysics to systematically decouple the role of intrinsic protein dynamics from protein-protein interactions and membrane-mediated effects.

 

 

Objectives

1. Effect of membrane tension on BmrA catalytic cycle (and thus its activity): We will employ GUV assay at very low protein density to probe the effect of membrane stretching on the dynamics of conformational changes of single transporter. Using single-molecule FRET coupled to single molecule tracking, we will measure the ATP dependence of the opening and closing rates for varying tensions relevant for physiological conditions. These results will be compared to a theoretical model developed by Pierre Sens's group.

2. Effect of protein conformational dynamics on its diffusion in membranes: Our team have discovered that proteins with similar sizes, but different shapes can have different motilities when the membrane tension is lowered. However, the mobility of a protein that constantly switches conformation is not known. To this end, we aim to measure the effect of protein activity on the mobility of single BmrA in membranes using single-particle tracking. Moreover, we expect that membrane deformations induced by the conformational switches might generate active protein clusters in the membrane, revealed by the protein mobility.


 

Experimental approaches

The PhD candidate will benefit from training in experimental biophysics. In particular, concepts and tools regarding the use of biomimetic systems combined with state-of-the-art single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopies will be employed to study spatial-temporal dynamics of membrane proteins (also see Figure below). The candidate will also work in close collaborations with theoreticians to provide physical models/frameworks of protein fluctuating/clustering while undergoing conformational switches in membranes.

 

International, interdisciplinary & intersectoral aspects of the project

 

The PhD candidate will benefit from the existing network, both national and international teams including computational microscopy and machine learning approaches for single-molecule data analysis. This project will be developed in close collaboration with Daniel Lévy (membrane protein expert) within the department and with the theoreticians of the lab.

 

We employ biochemistry (for in-vitro protein reconstitution), synthetic biology (such as click-chemistry for site-specific fluorescence labeling), and advanced optical methods (single-molecule FRET, single particle tracking, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy) to explore the influence of conformations and protein diffusion in bio membranes. Thus, the PhD candidate will benefit from a highly interdisciplinary and multinational research environment located in the historic neighborhood of Paris.

 

Recent publications

 

1. Damm A. Interplay between the conformational dynamics of a transmembrane protein and the mechanical properties of its surrounding membrane (Doctoral dissertation, Sorbonne Université, 2019), updated results arriving soon in bioRxiv. 

https://theses.hal.science/tel-03330142

 

2. Srinivasan S, Regmi R, Lin X, Dreyer CA, Chen X, Quinn SD, He W, Coleman MA, Carraway III KL, Zhang B, Schlau-Cohen GS. Ligand-induced transmembrane conformational coupling in monomeric EGFR. Nature Communications. 2022;13(1):3709.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-31299-z

 

3. Regmi R, Srinivasan S, Latham AP, Kukshal V, Cui W, Zhang B, Bose R, Schlau-Cohen GS. Phosphorylation-dependent conformations of the disordered carboxyl-terminus domain in the epidermal growth factor receptor. The journal of physical chemistry letters. 2020;11(23):10037-44.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c02327

 

4. Quemeneur F, Sigurdsson JK, Renner M, Atzberger PJ, Bassereau P, Lacoste D. Shape matters in protein mobility within membranes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2014;111(14):5083-7.

https://www.pnas.org/doi/abs/10.1073/pnas.1321054111

 

5. Tsai FC, Simunovic M, Sorre B, Bertin A, Manzi J, Callan-Jones A, Bassereau P. Comparing physical mechanisms for membrane curvature-driven sorting of BAR-domain proteins. Soft Matter. 2021;17(16):4254-65.

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2021/sm/d0sm01573c/unauth

Interdisciplinary profile with exposure to either of the following research domains:

  • Biochemistry of membrane proteins, and model membrane systems
  • Fluorescence microscopy and/or advanced optical techniques such as single particle tracking and single molecule FRET experiments


 

Expected courses/training include topics on soft matter, biophysics, optics, etc.

Fluent in English





Institut Curie


Deadline: 2024-06-28
Location: France, Paris
Categories: Biochemistry, Biophysical Chemistry, Biophysics, cell physiology, PhD,

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